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Caspar David Friedrich
Caspar David Friedrich (1774-1840) was the 19th century German Romantic Landscape painter. He is considered to be the greatest German artist of his generation. He is most popular for his landscape paintings which generally feature introspective figures silhouetted against the different natural settings; night skies, morning mists, barren trees of Gothic ruins. His symbolic and anti-classical works are mainly dedicated towards the expression of spiritual experiences of life. According to Art historian Christopher John Murray his works directs “the viewer’s gaze towards their metaphysical dimension. Friedrich was born in the Swedish Pomeranian town of Greifswald. He started his studies in his home town as a youth. He was married to Caroline Bommer in 1818. Although he was a famous artist, his good days did not last long. His reputations declined over the final fifteen years of his life. With the decrease in popularity of early Romanticism, he was viewed as an introvert and depressed person. His final years of life were passed in complete isolation. Friedrich did not live a very happy life as an artist. However, his works have helped place landscape painting as a major genre within Western art.